Fallzahl Standort Mainz: 0 (Warnstufe Grün) Maßnahmenkonzept

Fallzahl Standort Koblenz: 0 (Warnstufe Grün) Maßnahmenkonzept

Fallzahl Standort Landau: 2 (Warnstufe Gelb bis: 09.03.2021) Maßnahmenkonzept

New Publication: Formalization as a tool for environmental peacebuilding?

This article by our research associates Christina Ankenbrand, Zabrina Welter and Nina Engwicht critically investigates the contribution of ASM formalization to sustainable peace by focusing on its impact on the livelihood dimension of peacebuilding. It analyses the livelihood impact of three formalization interventions in the diamond sectors of two countries: cooperatives in Liberia, and, in Sierra Leone, ethical sourcing schemes and a community-based natural resource management initiative.

Kleinbergbau unter Einsatz von Baggern in Grand Cape Mount County, Liberia. (c) Ankenbrand

Kleinbergbau unter Einsatz von Baggern in Grand Cape Mount County, Liberia. (c) Ankenbrand

Abstract:

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) has long been a vital source of livelihoods for rural populations in the global South. Yet, it has also been linked to a host of social, political and environmental adversities, including violent conflict. As environmental peacebuilding increasingly stresses the importance of livelihood improvement as a means of fostering peace in conflict-affected extractive societies, ASM formalization has been identified as a solution to mitigate the sector's challenges, thereby addressing underlying causes of conflict. This article critically investigates the contribution of ASM formalization to sustainable peace by focusing on its impact on the livelihood dimension of peacebuilding. It analyses the livelihood impact of three formalization interventions in the diamond sectors of two countries: cooperatives in Liberia, and, in Sierra Leone, ethical sourcing schemes and a community-based natural resource management initiative. In line with calls for a paradigm shift from a narrow legalization-centred understanding of formalization to a broader approach that accounts for livelihood quality, the analysis presented here focuses on interventions that were informed by the ideal of improving the well-being of ASM workers and communities. We propose three pathways through which ASM formalization could potentially contribute to livelihood enhancement: income security, working conditions and community benefits. Based on fieldwork, this article highlights the challenges of generating livelihood improvements through formalization. Even when specifically designed to address the needs of ASM communities, during implementation, they risk prioritizing a narrow conceptualization of formalization and thus failing to become a conductor of transformative change.

The article was developed at the Peace Academy Rhineland-Palatinate at the University of Koblenz-Landau as part of the research project ‘Natural resource governance and human security in post-conflict societies’. We are grateful to the German Foundation for Peace Research (DSF) for the generous funding.

Datum der Meldung 11.01.2021 00:00