Current Projects

Regulate-Threat Project

Increasing concerns about climate change and natural disasters not only manifest in public and private discourse, but also influence public and private behaviours. Individuals and societies engage in regulatory mechanisms in order to deal with ecological and other threats. How individuals, families and societies deal with environmental threats and challenges due to climate change will affect the mental health status of nations, hence it is of supreme importance to understand restorative psychological mechanisms in response to environmental threats. This project investigates various of these psychological mechanisms that help individuals to protect themselves against external threats, such as personal values and self-regulation.

PI: Diana Hanke-Boer


Leadership and Employee Well-being

We investigate the impact of constructive and destructive leadership behaviors on employee well-being.

PIs: Diana Hanke-Boer and Claudia Buengeler (University of Amsterdam)



Voice behavior under threat

Voice behavior is desirable in most contexts. But why do people decide NOT to speak up and NOT to share their ideas? This project investigates conditions that hinder or facilitate voice behaviors.

PIs: Diana Hanke-Boer and Johannes Leder (University of Bamberg)


Music and creativity

Can listening to music enhance individuals' creativity? This project aims to identify what kind of music and which musical features can enhance listeners' creativity, and which psychological mechanisms contribute to the creativity effect.


Developed and Adapted Scales


Ratings of Experienced Social, Personal and Cultural Themes of Music functions

(also available in PsycTESTS)

Boer, D., Fischer, R., Tekman, H. G., Abubakar, A. A., Njenga, J., & Zenger, M. (2012). Young people’s topography of musical functions: Personal, social and cultural experiences with music across genders and six cultures. International Journal of Psychology, 47, 355-369. DOI:10.1080/00207594.2012.656128

Boer, D., & Fischer, R. (2011). The functions of music-listening across cultures: The development of a scale measuring personal, social and cultural functions of music. In F. Deutsch, M. Boehnke, U. Kühnen, & K. Boehnke (Eds.), Rendering borders obsolete: Cross-cultural and cultural psychology as an interdisciplinary, multi-method endeavor. Bremen, Germany: International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology.

Language versions:





Chinese (traditional Characters)






Music preferences

Global and local music style surveys

Music is a global and also culture-specific phenomenon, We developed music preference scales, which include international and global as well as culture-specific music genres for the following countries:

Belgium, Brazil, China, France, Germany, Jamaica, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Philippines, South Africa,Taiwan, Turkey,

Please contact Diana Hanke-Boer if you are interested in these scales.



Boer, D. (2009). Music makes the people come together. Social functions of music listening for young people across cultures. (Doctoral dissertation, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand). Retrieved from:

Boer, D., Fischer, R., González Atilano, M. L., de Garay Hernández, J., Moreno, L., Mendoza, S., Gouveia, V. V., Lam, J., & Lo, E. (2013). Music, identity and musical ethnocentrism of young people in six Asian, Latin-American and Western cultures. Journal of Applied Social Psychology43, 2360-2376.

Boer, D., Fischer, R., Strack, M., Bond, M. H., Lo, E. & Lam, J. (2011). How shared preferences in music create bonds between people: Values as the missing Link. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 37, 1159-1171.

Ferguson, G., Boer, D., Fischer, R., Hanke, K., Ferreira, M. C., Gouveia, V.V., Tekman, H.G. et al. (2016). “Get Up, Stand Up, Stand up for your Rights!”: The Jamaicanization of Youth Across 11 Countries Through Reggae Music? Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 47, 581-604. Doi:10.1177/0022022116632910

Tekman, H.G., Boer, D., & Fischer, R. (2012). Values, functions of music, and musical preferences. In E. Cambouropoulos, C. Tsougras, P. Mavromatis, & K. Pastiadis (Eds.), Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition and 8th Triennial Conference of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music (pp. 372-377). Thessaloniki: School of Music Studies, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.


Musical Ethnocentrism

Reported in:

Boer, D., Fischer, R., González Atilano, M. L., de Garay Hernández, J., Moreno, L., Mendoza, S., Gouveia, V. V., Lam, J., & Lo, E. (2013). Music, identity and musical ethnocentrism of young people in six Asian, Latin-American and Western cultures. Journal of Applied Social Psychology43, 2360-2376.


Family Ritual Appraisal Scale

Reported in:

Hanke, K., van Egmond, M. C., Crespo, C., & Boer, D. (2016). Blessing or burden? The role of appraisal in the relationship between family rituals and flourishing among adult LGBT individuals. Journal of Family Psychology30, 562-568.




Short Schwartz Value Survey (adapted version)

A short measure that captures Schwartz's four higher order values using 10 items (one for each value type).

Adapted from:

Lindeman, M. & Verkasalo, M. (2005). Measuring values with the Short Schwartz's Value Survey. Journal of Personality Assessment, 85, 170-178.

Adaptation reported in:


Boer, D. (2014). SSVS-G. Short Schwartz’s Value Survey - German. In C. Kemper, M. Zenger, & E. Brähler (Eds.). Psychologische und sozialwissenschaftliche Kurzskalen (pp. 299-302). Berlin: Medizinisch-Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.

Here you find the German version of the SSVS incl.details on scoring and syntaxes (SPSS and MPlus).


Global Paternalistic Leadership Scale
Reported in:

Cheng, B. S., Boer, D., Chou, L. F., Huang, M. P., Yoneyama, S., Shim, D., Sun, J. M., Lin, T. T., Chou, W. J., & Tsai, C. Y. (2014). Paternalistic Leadership in four East Asian societies: Generalizability and cultural differences of the Triad Model. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45, 101-109.


Brief Multidimensional Student's Life Satisfaction Scale

Reported in:

Abubakar, A., van de Vijver, F., Alonso-Arbiol, I., He, J.,  Adams, B., Aldhafri, S., Aydinli, A. ... Boer, D. et al. (2016). Assessing Measurement Invariance of the Brief Multidimensional Student’s Life Satisfaction Scale among Adolescents and Emerging Adults across 23 Cultural Contexts. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 34, 28-38. DOI:10.1177/0734282915611284