Definition, Ressources & Research Concept for OCA
- Definition: Open Community
- Capacitiy Builduing & Learning Environments
- Living Labs (Prof. Dr. Marlien Herselman CSIR)
Open Community is an generalization of the concept of OpenSource to other collaborative effort. The term “open” for an open community refers to the opportunity for anyone to join and contribute to the collaborative effort. The direction and goals are determined collaboratively by all members of the community. The resulting work (“product”) is made available under a free license, so that other communities can adapt and build on them. In this context the “product” of the open community is an “improved public health by application of space technologies”.
Remark: An OpenCommunity prefers to use
to accomplish the objectives of the Open Community.
Capacity Building and Learning Environments are typically used to engage the learner in reasoning about certain task or problem with the application of resources and tools. Learning environments can be used for capacity building to accomplish community objectives. Using OpenSource and OpenContent for accomplishing the community goals reduces the financial threshold for accessing technology:
In many case OpenSource-Software (OSS) is equivalent to commercial software (CS), but even if the quality of OSS is worse that CS, the contribution for capacity building of OSS might be much better than CS. A small simplified calculation will show the principle.
- 0.7 is the probability of positive contribution of a single high cost solution CS for which 1000 people can afford the CS.
=> 0.7 * 1000 = 700
- 0.15 is the probability of positive contribution of a single low cost solution OSS for which 100000 people can afford the OSS.
=> 0.15 * 100000 = 15000
This simple calculation based on the notion of Risk=Probability * Impact. So capacity building material should be published in OpenContent and with OpenSource, assuming, that institutions that can afford CS can also afford the transformation of the free OpenContent and OpenSource material for the Commercial Software.
A Living Lab is a research concept in open communities, that creates an user-centred, open-innovation ecosystem. The main objective of living labs in the context of AT6-Follow Up Initiative is: Benefits of space technologies should reach the communities and the research concept quantifies the impact on public health.
A public health systems are complex dynamic systems that have high geographical and temporal diversity. A certain Public Health Interventions might work in urban areas perfectly and does not work in rural areas e.g. because of the different cultural and social settings.
The living lab approach is regarded not only as a research concept but also as a generic concept for implementation that incorporates the diverse user-centric perpective in the implemenation strategy of risk mitigation and optimized allocation of available resources for public health.