Abgeschlossene Projekte


Transforming violent war-economies: What we know and what we need to know

3rd European Workshops in International Studies (EWIS) in Tübingen, 6-8 April 2016

Profits resulting from the production and trade of valuable natural resources have long been identified as a driving force of violent conflict. The prospect of profits enables and exacerbates armed violence and facilitate the occurrence of (illicit) war-economies. Accordingly, the transformation of war-economic structures and dealing with involved entrepreneurs ranks high on the (inter-)national post-conflict peacebuilding agenda as both factors might constitute a major risk to the lasting peace and stability of post-conflict states. Yet, we know little about the fate of war-economies after the end of violent conflict and their sustainable impact on post-conflict societies.

The workshop aims to shed light on existing examples of transformation processes of war-economies and their impact on post-conflict societies. We welcome papers that link academic research on the topic with current policy debates. The goal is to collect possible contributions for publication of an edited volume on the topic. Papers should address one or several of the following subject areas:

  1. The structure and the agency of war-economies as a challenge to post-conflict societies: How do war-economies structures endure in or adapt to post-conflict situation? How do war-economic actors spoil peace as either violent or peaceful resisters?
  2. Intended and unintended effects of state-building strategies directed at war-economies: When do measures directed towards violent conflict-economies promote peace and inclusive political and economic institutions and when do they negatively influence peace processes? Do we need a modified strategy?
  3. Thinking outside the box: What alternative strategies of dealing with war-economies can we think of?


You can find the Workshop-Programme here.

If you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact Nina Engwicht (engwicht@uni-landau.de)

Resource Sector Reform: Creating Inclusive Growth?

Workshop by the Working Group "Nature - Resources - Conflicts" of the German Association for Peace and Conflict Studies (AFK)


Date: 19 -20 May 2016
University of Koblenz Landau, Conference Room (Building C I), Fortstr. 7, 76829 Landau
Organised by:
Christina Saulich (University of Koblenz-Landau); Nina Engwicht (Peace Academy RLP)
Registration at: engwicht@uni-landau.de or saulich@uni-landau.de 
Invitation and Workshop-Programme: Link


Recent discoveries of vast natural resource reserves have drawn the attention to traditional and new resource exporting countries, in particular in the Global South. Researchers and practitioners of resource sector reforms as well as civil society actors are debating how these states can generate maximum profit from their primary commodities. On the one hand, natural resource endowments provide an opportunity for economic growth and broad-based development. On the other hand, the prospect of resource-based economic prosperity raises expectations among populations, civil-society organisations, and international actors – and the pressure on national governments to implement reforms.

A large amount of research on resource politics and resource governance has concentrated on varieties of the “resource curse”. Leading scholars mainly focused on institutional developments that lead to governance failure. With few exceptions, the study of resource governance has hitherto ignored the question of the terms and conditions under which countries are able to circumvent, deal with and transform the resource curse. Drawing on recent developments in research and policy practice that emphasise the need to include the population of resource rich countries in the input and output stage of resource governance, our guiding question is how institutional reforms and policy change in resource sectors can be employed to foster inclusive economic growth. The workshop will address the following questions:

  • What are the conditions that enable or inhibit effective governance in the resource sector?
  • How can resource governance and resource sector reforms promote inclusive and sustainable development?
  • Is inclusive governance always better? Does it really raise the benefits for local populations?
  • What can we learn from “successful” cases of transforming conflict-prone resource sectors in developing countries?
  • What determines the ‘policy space’, i.e. the ability of developing countries for implementing resource sector reforms?

The two-day workshop provides an opportunity to discuss current trends and research projects in the field of resource management and reforms. The workshop encourages contributions by social scientists, geographers, social and cultural anthropologists, economists, peace and conflict researchers, and scholars of other disciplines.