Dr. Jenny Makkonen

Visiting researcher (2016)

Research Interests

 

  • Virulence evolution
  • Host-pathogen relationship
  • Invasive species
  • Disease diagnostics and control
  • Conservation genetics

Current Research Projects

 

  • Metabarcoding of macrozoobenthos in Bti-treated swamps (with A. Kästel, K. Theissinger & C. Brühl)
  • Noble Crayfish transcriptomics (K. Theissinger)
  • Effects of mining effluents on species composition and stress gene activation in aquatic macroinvertebratesmore info

Former Research Projects

  • LIFE+ Craymate: health status surveys of some Finnish noble crayfish stocks. EU’s LIFE+ program.
  • On the genetic diversity of Finnish noble crayfish stocks: does crayfish plague epidemic decrease diversity? Maj and Tor Nessling Foundation, Finland.
  • On the diversity of crayfish plague Aphanomyces astaci in Finland. Finnish Cultural Foundation, North-Savo Regional Fund, Finland.  Three one year’s research grants during the PhD studies.
  • Understanding molecular host-oomycete interactions: hunting for oomycete effectors by combining deep transcriptome analyses and gene-to-gene interactions. University of Eastern Finland Innovative Research Initiatives -program.
  • Crayfish Plague, Stop! – Interaction between crayfish and crayfish plague. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland.
  • The use of ultrasound in the prevention of watermold infections in aquaculture. EU’s Fisheries Guidance Fund.
  • Disinfection of crayfish plague spores from aquaculture inlet water. EU’s Fisheries Guidance Fund.
  • Crayfish plague management: project aiming to improve crayfish plague diagnostics and epidemiological knowledge. Collaborative research project with University of Kuopio, Finnish Food Safety Authority and Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute. EU’s Fisheries Guidance Fund.

Academic History

Academic Degrees

  • Doctor of Philosophy degree in University of Eastern Finland 18.9.2013; PhD thesis “Crayfish plague pathogen Aphanomyces astaci - Genetic diversity and adaptation to the host species”. Post graduate studies in bioinformatics.
  • Master of Science in University of Kuopio 11.4.2006; MSc thesis “specific PCR detection method for crayfish plague Aphanomyces astaci”. The animal biotechnology major, including studies in molecular biology, animal welfare and production, and in fish and crayfish biology and aquaculture. Basic level studies in chemistry and biochemistry.

Research Qualifications

  • Qualified to conduct animal experiments.

Academic Working Experience

  • 1.1.-30.4.2016: Aufland guest researcher fellowship, The group of Conservation Genetics, Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany.
  • 1.-31.12.2015: Health status surveys of some Finnish noble crayfish stocks. LIFE+ Craymate -project, South-Karelian Fisheries Advisory Center.
  • 21.9.-18.12.2015: Teacher in a molecular biology course for laboratory technicians, Savonia Polytechnics Institute Oy, Kuopio.
  • 24.8.-11.9.2015: Comparative genomics of probiotic bacterial species. Biosafe Special Laboratory Services LtD/Oy, Kuopio.
  • 1.-31.7.2015: Health status surveys of some Finnish noble crayfish stocks. LIFE+ Craymate -project, South-Karelian Fisheries Advisory Center.
  • 1.5.2013 - 30.4.2015: Post doc -project “On the genetic diversity of Finnish noble crayfish stocks: does crayfish plague epidemic decrease diversity?” funded by Maj and Tor Nessling Foundation.
  • 1.6.2012-30.4.2013: Research fellowship of Finnish Cultural Foundation, North-Savo Regional Fund for PhD studies.
  • 1.10.-31.12.2011, 1.3.-31.5.2012 and 6.-26.11.2012: Researcher in a project “Understanding molecular host-oomycete interactions: hunting for oomycete effectors by combining deep transcriptome analyses and gene-to-gene interactions”, funded by University of Eastern Finland Innovative Research Initiatives -program.
  • 1.12.-31.12.2010, 1.6.-31.7.2011 and 1.1.-29.2.2012: Researcher in a project ”Crayfish Plague, Stop! – Interaction between crayfish and crayfish plague”, funded by Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
  • 1.8.-30.9.2011: Researcher in a project ”The use of ultrasound in the prevention of watermold infections in aquaculture”, funded by EU’s Fisheries Guidance Fund.
  • 1.3.-31.8.2010, 1.-30.11.2010 and 1.1.-31.5.2011: Research fellowship of Finnish Cultural Foundation, North-Savo Regional Fund; PhD student.
  • 1.2.2009–30.9.2009 and 1.12.2009-28.2.2010: Researcher in a project ”Disinfection of crayfish plague spores from aquaculture inlet water”, funded by EU’s Fisheries Guidance Fund.
  • 1.9.2008–31.11.2008, 1.10.2009–30.11.2009 and 1.9.–31.10.2010: Assistant teacher in Applied Zoology courses, Dept. of Biosciences, University of Eastern Finland.
  • 1.12.2006–31.12.2007: Project researcher in Kuopio University. Collaborative research project about the crayfish plague management with Finnish Food Safety Authority and Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, funded by EU’s Fisheries Guidance Fund.
  • 1.5.–31.11.2006 and 1.1.–30.6.2008: Research fellowship of Finnish Cultural Foundation, North-Savo Regional Fund; PhD student.

Teaching

  • Molecular biology course for laboratory technicians, Savonia Polytechnics Institute, Kuopio, Finland, autumn 2015.
  • Advanced course of Fish Diseases in Dept. of Biosciences, University of Eastern Finland; demonstrations and a lecture in years 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012.
  • Animal physiology 2 and 3 -courses in Dept. of Biosciences, University of Eastern Finland; years 2008, 2009 and 2010, including lectures in invertebrate immunology and supervision of practical exercises in histology, fish anesthesia, blood sampling and stress hormone analysis as well as crayfish hemolymph sampling and oxygen consumption.
  • Animal physiology 5 -course in Dept. of Biosciences, University of Eastern Finland; years 2008 and 2010. Supervision of a small scientific project.
  • Teacher in The ABC Course of Animal Experiments (FELASA accredited) in University of Eastern Finland; year 2011, fish anesthesia demonstrations.

Research Visits to International Institutes

  • 1.1.-30.4.2016, Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Koblenz-Landau, Germany. Guest researcher in research group of conservation biology, group leader Dr. Kathrin Theissinger. Bioinformatic analyses of next generation sequencing data for metabarcoding of chironomids.
  • 30.1.-11.2.2011, National Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway. Research visit into Dr Trude Vrålstad’s group, aim of the visit was to learn quantitative TaqMan® MGB PCR method for the detection of Aphanomyces astaci.
  • 9.-12.9.2008, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartto, Estonia, research visit into Dr Tiit Paavers group. Sampling of Saaremaa noble crayfish with severe burn spot disease.

PUBLICATIONS

Peer-reviewed (reprints on request)

  • Peiró DF, Almerão MP, Delaunay C, Jussila J, Makkonen J, Bouchon D, Araujo PB,  Souty-Grosset C. First detection of the crayfish plague pathogen Aphanomyces astaci in the invasive Procambarus clarkii in South America: a high potential risk to native crayfish. Hydrobiologia 2015; accepted manuscript.
  • Jussila J, Maguire I, Kokko H, Makkonen J. Chaos and adaptation in the pathogen-host relationship in relation to the conservation: the case of the crayfish plague and the noble crayfish. In: Kawai T, Faulkes Z, Scholtz G, (eds) Freshwater crayfish. CRC Press, Boca Raton. 2015; 246274, in print.
  • Jussila J, Vrezec A, Makkonen J, Kortet R, Kokko H. Invasive crayfish and their invasive diseases in Europe with the focus on the virulence evolution of the crayfish plague. In: Canning-Clode J, (ed.) Biological invasions in aquatic and terrestrial systems: biogeography, ecological impacts, predictions and management, De Gruyter Open GmbH, Berlin. 2015; chapter 6, in print.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Jussila J. Mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene analysis indicates a restricted genetic background in Finnish noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) stocks. Knowl Manag Aquat Ec 2015;416(416):21.
  • Jussila J, Ruokonen TJ, Syväranta J, Kokko H, Vainikka A, Makkonen J, Kortet R. It takes time to see the menu from the body: an experiment on stable isotope composition in freshwater crayfishes. Knowl Manag Aquat Ec 2015;416(416):25.
  • Jussila J, Makkonen J, Kokko H, Mäkinen P. Numerous population crashes of wild signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) in Southern Finland. Freshw Crayfish 2015;20(1):73-79.
  • Edsman L, Nyström P, Sandström A, Stenberg M, Kokko H, Tiitinen V, Makkonen J, Jussila J. Eroded swimmeret syndrome in female crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus associated with Aphanomyces astaci and Fusarium spp. infections. Dis Aquat Org 2015;112(3):219-28.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J. Dose-dependent mortality of the noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) to different strains of the crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci). J Invertebr Pathol 2014;115(1):86-91.
  • Aydin H, Kokko H, Makkonen J, Kortet R, Kukkonen H, Jussila J. The signal crayfish is vulnerable to both the As and the PsI-isolates of the crayfish plague. Knowl Manag Aquat Ec 2014;413(413):03.
  • Gruber C, Kortet R, Vainikka A, Hyvärinen P, Rantala MJ, Pikkarainen A, Jussila J, Makkonen J, Kokko H, Hirvonen H. Variation in resistance to the invasive crayfish plague and immune defense in the native noble crayfish. Ann Zool Fenn 2014;51(4):371-89.
  • Jussila J, Makkonen J, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Kokko H. Crayfish plague dilemma: How to be a courteous killer? Boreal Environ Res 2014;19(3):235-44.
  • Jussila J, Toljamo A, Makkonen J, Kukkonen H, Kokko H. Practical disinfection chemicals for fishing and crayfishing gear against crayfish plague transfer. Knowl Manag Aquat Ec 2014;413(413):02.
  • Jussila J, Kokko H, Kortet R, Makkonen J. Aphanomyces astaci PsI-genotype isolates from different Finnish signal crayfish stocks show variation in their virulence but still kill fast. Knowl Manag Aquat Ec 2013(411).
  • Makkonen J, Jussila J, Koistinen L, Paaver T, Hurt M, Kokko H. Fusarium avenaceum causes burn spot disease syndrome in noble crayfish (Astacus astacus). J Invertebr Pathol 2013;113(2):184- 90.
  • Kokko H, Koistinen L, Harlioǧlu MM, Makkonen J, Aydin H, Jussila J. Recovering Turkish narrow clawed crayfish (Astacus leptodactylus) populations carry Aphanomyces astaci. Knowl Manag Aquat Ec 2012(404).
  • Makkonen J, Strand DA, Kokko H, Vrålstad T, Jussila J. Timing and quantifying Aphanomyces astaci sporulation from the noble crayfish suffering from the crayfish plague. Vet Microbiol 2013;162(2- 4):750-5.
  • Makkonen J, Jussila J, Kortet R, Vainikka A, Kokko H. Differing virulence of Aphanomyces astaci isolates and elevated resistance of noble crayfish Astacus astacus against crayfish plague. Dis Aquat Org 2012;102(2):129-36.
  • Strand DA, Jussila J, Viljamaa-Dirks S, Kokko H, Makkonen J, Holst-Jensen A, Viljugrein H, Vrålstad T. Monitoring the spore dynamics of Aphanomyces astaci in the ambient water of latent carrier crayfish. Vet Microbiol 2012;160(1-2):99-107.
  • Makkonen J, Jussila J, Kokko H. The diversity of the pathogenic oomycete (Aphanomyces astaci) chitinase genes within the genotypes indicate adaptation to its hosts. Fungal Gen Biol 2012;49(8):635-42.
  • Jussila J, Makkonen J, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Kokko H. Latent crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci) infection in a robust wild noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) population. Aquaculture 2011;321(1- 2):17-20.
  • Jussila J, Makkonen J, Kokko H. Peracetic acid (PAA) treatment is an effective disinfectant against crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci) spores in aquaculture. Aquaculture 2011; 320(1-2):37-42.
  • Makkonen J, Jussila J, Henttonen P, Kokko H. Genetic variation in the ribosomal internal transcribed spacers of Aphanomyces astaci Schikora from Finland. Aquaculture 2011; 311(1-4):48- 53.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Henttonen P, Jussila J. Crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci) can be vertically transferred during artificial incubation of crayfish eggs: Preliminary results. Freshw Crayfish 2010; 17:151-3.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Henttonen P, Kivistik M, Hurt M, Paaver T, Jussila J. Fungal isolations from Saaremaa, Estonia, noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) with melanised spots. Freshw Crayfish 2010; 17:155-8.

Thesis

 

  • Makkonen J. The crayfish plague pathogen Aphanomyces astaci genetic diversity and adaptation to the host species. Publications of the University of Eastern Finland. Dissertations in Forestry and Natural Sciences, 2013;105, 77p.
  • Makkonen J. Spesifisen PCR-diagnostiikan kehittäminen rapurutolle (Aphanomyces astaci). MSc thesis, University of Kuopio, Department of Biosciences, 57 p. In Finnish.

Presentations

  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Gökmen G, Ward J, Umek J, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2015. Novel Aphanomyces sp. isolates from Lake Tahoe (USA) signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus). – European Crayfish Conference: Research and Management, April 8-12, 2015, Landau, Germany. Abstract proceedings, p 24.
  • Jussila J, Kortet R, Vainikka A, Kokko H, Makkonen J, 2015. Scenarios for Aphanomyces astaci adaptation to native and alien crayfish hosts in Europe. – European Crayfish Conference: Research and Management, April 8-12, 2015, Landau, Germany. Abstract proceedings, p 22.
  • Kokko H, Martin F, Vesterbacka A, Makkonen J, Diequez-Uribeondo J, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2015. Genomic exploration and transcriptome analyses of Aphanomyces astaci reveal broad diversity. – European Crayfish Conference: Research and Management, April 8-12, 2015, Landau, Germany. Abstract proceedings, p 23.
  • Edsman L, Nyströn P, Sandström A, Stenberg M, Kokko H, Tiitinen V, Makkonen J, Jussila J, 2015. Eroded swimmeret syndrome in female crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus associated with Aphanomyces astaci and Fusarium spp. infections. – European Crayfish Conference: Research and Management, April 8-12, 2015, Landau, Germany. Abstract proceedings, p 29.
  • Panteleit J, Keller NS, Makkonen J, Preda C, Patrulea V, Schrimpf A, Parvulescu L, 2015. Narrow-clawed crayfish in Danube delta (Romania) and River Dniester (Republic of Moldova) may carry relic crayfish plague genotypes of older outbreaks. – European Crayfish Conference: Research and Management, April 8-12, 2015, Landau, Germany. Abstract proceedings, p 78.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2015. Finnish noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) represent a single haplotype lineage. – The Oikos Finland Meeting for Ecologists and Evolutionary Biologists, February 10-11 2015, Joensuu, Finland. Abstract proceedings, p. 112.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Gökmen G, Ward J, Umek J, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2014. Novel Aphanomyces sp. isolates from Lake Tahoe (USA) signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus). – IAA 20th International Symposium, September 20-26 2014, Sapporo, Japan. Abstract proceedings, p. 74.
  • Jussila J, Kokko H, Makkonen J, 2014. LIFE+ CrayMate: Information and communication distribution assists noble crayfish conservation in Finland. – IAA 20th International Symposium, September 20-26, 2014, Sapporo, Japan. Abstract proceedings, p 74.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Gökmen G, Ward J, Umek J, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2014. Uusia rapuruttosienen sukulaislajeja Tahoe-järven (USA) täpläravuista. – XII Valtakunnalliset Rapupäivät, November 14 2014, Kuopio, Finland.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2014. Haplotypes and population structure of noble crayfish in Finland. – FrostCray Workshop, January 15 2014, Kuopio, Finland.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2013. Suomalaisten jokirapukantojen monimuotoisuus. – XI Valtakunnalliset Rapupäivät, November 13, 2013, Kuopio, Finland.
  • Kokko H, Vetrerbacka A, Blande D, Makkonen J, Kortet R, Vainikka A, Jussila J. Aphanomyces astaci isolates express several RxLR effector genes. – Regional European Crayfish Meeting CrayCro, September 26-29 2013, Rovinj, Croatia. Abstract proceedings; 2013, p. 20.
  • Jussila J, Makkonen J, Toljamo A, Kokko H, 2013. Practical disinfectants against crayfish plague spores. – Regional European Crayfish Meeting CrayCro, September 26-29 2013,  Rovinj, Croatia. Abstract proceedings; 2013; p. 19.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Kortet R, Vainikka A, Jussila J, 2013. Crayfish plague pathogen Aphanomyces astaci - Genetic diversity and adaptation to the host species. – Regional European Crayfish Meeting CrayCro, September 26-29, 2013, Rovinj, Croatia. Abstract proceedings, p. 24.
  • Aydin H, Kokko H, Makkonen J, Jussila J, 2013. Signal crayfish are susceptible to crayfish plague infection under physiological challenge. – Regional European Crayfish Meeting CrayCro, September 26-29, 2013, Rovinj, Croatia. Abstract proceedings, p 1.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2013. Crayfish plague pathogen Aphanomyces astaci - Genetic diversity and adaptation to the host species. – European Association of Fish Pathologists, 16th International Conference, September 2-6, 2013, Tampere, Finland. Abstract proceedings, p. 73.
  • Kokko H, Makkonen J, Blande D, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Vesterbacka A, Granlund L, Jussila J, 2013. Rapid influx and numerous epidemics of Aphanomyces astaci strains are altering the European crayfish distribution and biodiversity. Oomycete Molecular Genetics Network Meeting, March 10-12, 2013, Asilomar, CA, USA, p. 18.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2012. Jokiravun ja rapuruton suhde -väitöskirjatyön tuloksia. – X Valtakunnalliset Rapupäivät, November 15, 2012, Kuopio, Finland.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2012. Differences in the virulence of crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci) strains confirmed with infection trials. – IAA 19th International Symposium, August 26-31, 2012, Innsbruck, Austria. Abstract proceedings, p 36.
  • Jussila J, Tiitinen V, Makkonen J, Kokko H, 2012. Effifient cooling decreased post-harvest boat transport mortality of the commercial crayfish catch. – IAA 19th International Symposium, August 26-31, 2012, Innsbruck, Austria. Abstract proceedings, p 29.
  • Strand DA, Jussila J, Viljamaa-Dirks S, Kokko H, Makkonen J, Holst-Jensen A, Viljugrein H, Vrålstad T, 2012. Aphanomyces astaci spore dynamics in the ambient water of latent carrier crayfish revealed using qPCR. – IAA 19th International Symposium, August 26-31, 2012, Innsbruck, Austria. Abstract proceedings, p 52.
  • Vrålstad T, Strand DA, Edsman L, Edvardsen B, Engdahl F, Fristad RF, Holst-Jensen A, Johnsen SI, Jussila J, Klaveness D, Kokko H, Makkonen J, Viljamaa-Dirks S, Viljugrein H, 2012. Hunting the crayfish plague disease agent in water sources – challenges and possibilities. – IAA 19th International Symposium, August 26-31, 2012, Innsbruck, Austria. Abstract proceedings, p 54.
  • Jussila, J., Makkonen, J., Kortet, R., Vainikka, A., Kokko, H, 2012. To be or not to be a pathogen: co-evolution of crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci) and its native European crayfish hosts. The crustacean society summer meeting, June 3-7 2012, Athens, Greece. Abstract proceedings, p. 8.
  • Jussila, J., Makkonen, J., Kortet, R., Vainikka, A., Kokko, H, 2012. To be or not to be a pathogen: co-evolution of crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci) and its native European crayfish hosts. Towards a responsible future in inland fisheries, EIFAAC symposium, October 22-24 2012, Hämeenlinna, Finland. Abstract proceedings, p. 50.
  • Makkonen J, Koistinen L, Rautsi A, Paaver T, Hurt M, Vrålstad T, Jussila J, Kokko H, 2011. Burn spot disease in noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) caused by Fusarium sp. – Host-Parasite workshop, December 17, 2011, Joensuu, Finland. Abstract proceedings, p. 1.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Vainikka A, Jussila J, Kortet R 2011. Noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) resistance against crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci). – IX National Crayfish Seminar, November 16, 2011, Helsinki, Finland. Abstracts, p. 2-3.
  • Makkonen J, Jussila J, Henttonen P, Kokko H, 2011. High diversity of A. astaci chitinase genes after host jump. – Co-evolution Symposium, October 4-7, 2011, Jyväskylä, Finland. Abstract proceedings, p. 12.
  • Kokko H, Makkonen J, Vainikka A, Kortet R, Jussila J, 2011. Host-Pathogen interactions: The search of Oomycete effectors by next generation sequencing of transcriptomes. – Co-evolution Symposium, October 4-7, 2011, Jyväskylä, Finland. Abstract proceedings, p. 17.
  • Makkonen J, Koistinen L, Henttonen P, Jussila J, Vrålstad T, Hurt M, Paaver T, Kokko H, 2010. Atypical burn spot disease in Saaremaa noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) – A search for the causative agent. –IAA, 18th International Symposium, July 18-23, 2010, Columbia, Missouri. Abstract proceedings, p. 26.
  • Jussila J, Makkonen J, Kukkonen H, Henttonen P, Kokko H, 2010. Crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci) spore disinfection in aquaculture inlet water – a practical approach. – IAA 18th International Symposium, July 18-23, 2010, Columbia, Missouri. Abstract proceedings, p. 44.
  • Makkonen J, 2010. Rapuruton torjunta ravunviljelylaitoksen vesityksessä. – VIII Valtakunnalliset Rapupäivät, November 8, 2010, Helsinki, Finland. Abstracts, p 1.
  • Makkonen J, Henttonen P, Jussila J, Muje P, Kokko H, 2009. Crayfish plague and other interacting microbes in river Kemijoki (Lapland, Finland) noble crayfish stock - a case study with implications. – Regional European Crayfish Workshop: Future of Native Crayfish in Europe. September 7-10 2009, Pisek, Czech Republic. Abstract proceedings, p. 39.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Henttonen P, Kivistik M, Hurt M, Paaver T, Jussila J, 2008. Several fungi isolated from Saaremaa (Estonia) noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) with melanised spots. – IAA 17th International Symposium, August 4-8, 2008, Kuopio, Finland. Abstract proceedings, p. 80.
  • Makkonen J, Kokko H, Jussila J, Henttonen P. 2008. New possibilities for the identification of crayfish plague Aphanomyces astaci genetic groups Astacus and Pacifastacus I. – IAA 17th International Symposium, August 4-8, 2008, Kuopio, Finland. Abstract proceedings, p. 47.
  • Makkonen J, Jussila J, Henttonen P, Kokko H. 2006. The ribosomal ITS regions of crayfish plague (Aphanomyces astaci) isolates have internal and external variation. – IAA 16th International Symposium, July 30 - August 4 2006, Gold Coast, Australia. Abstract proceedings, p. 30.
  • Makkonen J, Viljamaa-Dirks S, Jussila J, Henttonen P, Kokko H. 2005. Comparison of ITS-regions from six Finnish crayfish plague isolates. – Biological invasions in inland waters. An international INWAT workshop, May 5-7, 2005, Firenze, Italia. Abstract proceedings, p. 48.

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