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Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles


128. Graf, Nadin, Battes, Karina P., Cimpean, Mirela, Schäfer, Ralf B., Dittrich, Pitt, Entling, Martin H., Scharmueller, Andreas, Link, Moritz, Schreiner, Verena C., Szöcs, Eduard 2019. Do agricultural pesticides in streams influence riparian spiders?. Science of the Total Environment. 660 126135. Download

127. Le, Trong Dieu Hien, Kattwinkel, Mira, Schützenmeister, Klaus, Olson, John R., Hawkins, Charles P., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2019. Predicting current and future background ion concentrations in German surface water under climate change. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 374 (1764): Download

126. Berger, Elisabeth, Frör, O., Schaefer, Ralf B. 2019. Salinity impacts on river ecosystem processes: a critical mini-review. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 374 (1764): Download

125. Ullah, Rizwan, Asghar, Rehana, Baqar, Mujtaba, Mahmood, Adeel, Ali, Syeda Nazish, Sohail, Muhammad, Schäfer, Ralf B., Eqani, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah 2019. Assessment of organochlorine pesticides in the Himalayan riverine ecosystems from Pakistan using passive sampling techniques. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. in press Download


124. Schreiner, Verena C., Feckler, Alexander, Fernández, Diego, Frisch, Katharina, Muñoz, Katherine, Szöcs, Eduard, Zubrod, Jochen P., Bundschuh, Mirco, Rasmussen, J. J., Kefford, Ben J., et al., 2018. Similar recovery time of microbial functions from fungicide stress across biogeographical regions. Scientific Reports. 8 (1): 17021.

123. Wieczorek, M.V., Bakanov, N., Bilancia, D., Szöcs, E., Stehle, S., Bundschuh, M., Schulz, R. 2018. Structural and functional effects of a short-term pyrethroid pulse exposure on invertebrates in outdoor stream mesocosms. Science of the Total Environment. 610-611 810-819. Download

122. Berger, Elisabeth, Haase, Peter, Schäfer, Ralf B., Sundermann, Andrea 2018. Towards stressor-specific macroinvertebrate indices: Which traits and taxonomic groups are associated with vulnerable and tolerant taxa?. Science of the Total Environment. 619-620 144-154. Download

121. Schäfer, R. B., Piggott, Jeremy J. 2018. Advancing understanding and prediction in multiple stressor research through a mechanistic basis for null models. Global Change Biology. in press Download


120. Graf, Nadin, Bucher, Roman, Schäfer, R. B., Entling, 2017. Contrasting effects of aquatic subsidies on a terrestrial trophic cascade. Biology Letters. 13 (5): Download

119. Brack, Werner, Dulio, Valeria, Agerstrand, Marlene, Allan, Ian, Altenburger, Rolf, Brinkmann, Markus, Bunke, Dirk, Burgess, Robert M., Cousins, Ian, Escher, Beate I., et al., 2017. Towards the review of the European Union Water Framework management of chemical contamination in European surface water resources. Science of the Total Environment. 576 720-737. Download

118. Bundschuh, M., Schulz, R., Schäfer, R. B., Allen, C.R., Angeler, D.G. 2017. Resilience in Ecotoxicology - toward a multiple equilibrium concept. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 36 2574-2580.

117. Bruins, Randall J.F., Canfield, Timothy J., Duke, Clifford, Kapustka, Larry, Nahlik, Amanda M., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2017. Using ecological production functions to link ecological processes to ecosystem services. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 13 (1): 52-61.

116. Steinmetz, Zacharias, Kenngott, Kilian G. J., Azeroual, Mohamed, Schäfer, R. B., Schaumann, Gabriele E. 2017. Fractionation of copper and uranium in organic and conventional vineyard soils and adjacent stream sediments studied by sequential extraction. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 17 (4): 1092-1100. Download

115. Berger, Elisabeth, Haase, Peter, Kuemmerlen, Mathias, Leps, Moritz, Schäfer, Ralf B., Sundermann, Andrea 2017. Water quality variables and pollution sources shaping stream macroinvertebrate communities. Science of the Total Environment. 587-588 1-10. Download

114. Link, Moritz, Ohe, Peter C. von der, Voß, K., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2017. Comparison of dilution factors for German wastewater treatment plant effluents in receiving streams to the fixed dilution factor from chemical risk assessment. Science of the Total Environment. 598 805-813. Download

113. Szöcs, Eduard, Brinke, Marvin, Karaoglan, Bilgin, Schäfer, R. B. 2017. Large scale risks from agricultural pesticides in small streams. Environmental Science Technology. in press Download

112. Voß, K., Schäfer, R. B. 2017. Taxonomic and functional diversity of stream invertebrates along an environmental stress gradient. Ecological Indicators. 81 235-242. Download

111. Wenisch, Bonny, Fernández, Diego, Szöcs, Eduard, Mckie, Brendan G., Schäfer, R. B. 2017. Does the loss of climate sensitive detritivore species alter leaf decomposition?. Aquatic Sciences. 1-11. Download

110. Brack, W., et al., 2017. Towards the review of the European Union Water Framework management of chemical contamination in European surface water resources. Science of the Total Environment. 576 720-737. Download

109. Schäfer, R. B., Kuehn, Bernhard, Hauer, Larissa, Kattwinkel, Mira 2017. Assessing recovery of stream insects from pesticides using a two-patch metapopulation model. Science of the Total Environment. 609 788-798. Download

108. Le, Trong Dieu Hien, Scharmüller, Andreas, Kattwinkel, Mira, Kühne, R., Schüürmann, G., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2017. Contribution of waste water treatment plants to pesticide toxicity in agriculture catchments. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 145 135-141. Download

107. Magin, K., Somlai-Haase, Celia, Schäfer, R. B., Lorke, A. 2017. Regional-scale lateral carbon transport and CO2 evasion in temperate stream catchments. Biogeosciences. 14 (21): 5003-5014. Download


106. Liess, Matthias, Foit, Kaarina, Knillmann, Saskia, Schäfer, Ralf B., Liess, Hans-Dieter 2016. Predicting the synergy of multiple stress effects. Scientific Reports. 6 32965. Download

105. Ashauer, Roman, Albert, Carlo, Augustine, Starrlight, Cedergreen, N., Charles, Sandrine, Ducrot, Virginie, Focks, A., Gabsi, Faten, Gergs, Andre, Goussen, Benoit, et al., 2016. Modelling survival: exposure pattern, species sensitivity and uncertainty. Scientific Reports. 6 29178. Download

104. Szöcs, Eduard, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2016. Statistical hypothesis testingTo transform or not to transform?. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 12 (2): 398-400. Download

103. Kath, Jarrod, Harrison, Evan, Kefford, Ben J., Moore, Leah, Wood, Paul J., Schäfer, Ralf B., Dyer, Fiona 2016. Looking beneath the surface: using hydrogeology and traits to explain flow variability effects on stream macroinvertebrates: Hydrogeology, groundwater, traits and macroinvertebrates. Ecohydrology. in press. Download

102. Kattwinkel, M., Reichert, Peter, Ruegg, Johanna, Liess, Matthias, Schuwirth, Nele 2016. Modeling Macroinvertebrate Community Dynamics in Stream Mesocosms Contaminated with a Pesticide. Environmental Science Technology. 50 (6): 3165--3173. Download

101. Mbaka, J. G., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2016. Effect of Small Impoundments on Leaf Litter Decomposition in Streams. River Research and Applications. 32 (5): 907-913. Download

100. Malaj, Egina, Guenard, Benoit, Schäfer, Ralf B., von der Ohe, Peter C. 2016. Evolutionary patterns and physicochemical properties explain macroinvertebrate sensitivity to heavy metals. Ecological Applications. 26 (4): 1249 - 1259. Download

99. Cañedo-Argüelles, M., Hawkins, C.P., Kefford, B.J., Schäfer, R.B., Dyack, B.J., Brucet, S., Buchwalter, D.B., David, B., Dunlop, J.E., Frör, O., et al., 2016. Saving freshwater from salts: Ion-speciøc standards are needed to protect biodiversity. Science. 351 (6276): 4-6. Download

98. Ebke, Klaus Peter, Ahlers, J., Braunbeck, Thomas, Oehlmann, Jörg, Ratte, Toni, Schäfer, Ralf B., Schaeffer, A., Eisentraeger, Adolf 2016. The German postgraduate degree program in ecotoxicology (SETAC GLB and GDCh): a success story. Environmental Sciences Europe. 28 (1): 1-6. Download

97. Lagadic, Laurent, Schäfer, Ralf B., Roucaute, Marc, Szöcs, Eduard, Duchet, Claire, Franquet, Evelyne, Hunsec, Benoit Le, Chouin, Sebastien, Maupeou, Jerome de, Bertrand, Celine 2016. No association between the use of Bti for mosquito control and the dynamics of non-target aquatic invertebrates in French coastal and continental wetlands. Science of the Total Environment. 553 486- 494. Download

96. Sauer, Felix G., Bundschuh, Mirco, Zubrod, Jochen P., Schäfer, Ralf B., Thompson, Kristie, Kefford, Ben J. 2016. Effects of salinity on leaf breakdown: dryland salinity versus salinity from a coalmine. Aquatic Toxicology. in press. Download

95. Richter, Elisabeth, Berkner, Silvia, Ebert, Ina, Förster, Bernhard, Graf, Nadin, Herrchen, Monika, Kühnen, Ute, Roembke, Jörg, Simon, Markus 2016. Results of extended plant tests using more realistic exposure scenarios for improving environmental risk assessment of veterinary pharmaceuticals. Environmental Sciences Europe. 28 (1): 117. Download

94. Lorenz, Stefan, Rasmussen, J. J., Suess, Angelika, Kalettka, Thomas, Golla, B., Horney, Peter, Staehler, Matthias, Hommel, Bernd, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2016. Specifics and challenges of assessing exposure and effects of pesticides in small water bodies. Hydrobiologia. 1-12. Download

93. Schreiner, Verena C., Szöcs, Eduard, Bhowmik, Avit Kumar, Vijver, Martina G., Schäfer, R. B. 2016. Pesticide mixtures in streams of several European countries and the USA. Science of the Total Environment. 573 680-689. Download

92. Schäfer, Ralf B., Kuehn, Bernhard, Malaj, Egina, Koenig, Anne, Gergs, René 2016. Contribution of organic toxicants to multiple stress in river ecosystems. Freshwater Biology. in press Download

91. Fernández, Diego, Tummala, M., Schreiner, Verena C., Duarte, Sophia, Pascoal, Claudia, Winkelmann, Carola, Mewes, Daniela, Muñoz, Katherine, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2016. Does nutrient enrichment compensate fungicide eoeects on litter decomposition and decomposer communities in streams?. Aquatic Toxicology. 174 169-178. Download


90. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar, Alamdar, Ambreen, Katsoyiannis, Ioannis, Shen, Heqing, Ali, Nadeem, Ali, Syeda Maria, Bokhari, Habib, Schäfer, Ralf B., Eqani, Syed Ali Musstjab Akber Shah 2015. Mapping human health risks from exposure to trace metal contamination of drinking water sources in Pakistan. Science of the Total Environment. 538 306-316. Download

89. Voß, K., Fernández, Diego, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2015. Organic matter breakdown in streams in a region of contrasting anthropogenic land use. Science of the Total Environment. 527-528 (0): 179-184. Download

88. Kattwinkel, M., Liess, Matthias, Arena, Maria, Bopp, Stephanie, Streissl, Franz, Roembke, Joerg 2015. Recovery of aquatic and terrestrial populations in the context of European pesticide risk assessment. Environmental Reviews. 23 (4): 382--394. Download

87. Ippolito, Alessio, Kattwinkel, M., Rasmussen, J. J., Schäfer, Ralf B., Fornaroli, Riccardo, Liess, Matthias 2015. Modeling global distribution of agricultural insecticides in surface waters. Environmental Pollution. 198 (0): 54-60. Download

86. Schuwirth, Nele, Kattwinkel, M., Stamm, Christian 2015. How stressor specific are trait-based ecological indices for ecosystem management?. Science of the Total Environment. 505 565--572. Download

85. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar, Metz, Markus, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2015. An automated, objective and open source tool for stream threshold selection and upstream riparian corridor delineation. Environmental Modelling Software. 63 240-250. Download

84. Krell, Bonny, Röder, Nina, Link, Moritz, Gergs, René, Entling, , Schäfer, Ralf B. 2015. Aquatic prey subsidies to riparian spiders in a stream with different land use types. Limnologica. 51 (0): 1-7. Download

83. Szöcs, Eduard, Van den Brink, PaulJ., Lagadic, L., Caquet, T., Roucaute, Marc, Auber, Arnaud, Bayona, Yannick, Liess, Matthias, Ebke, Peter, Ippolito, Alessio, ter Braak, Cajo J.F., Brock, Theo C. M., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2015. Analysing chemical-induced changes in macroinvertebrate communities in aquatic mesocosm experiments: a comparison of methods. Ecotoxicology. 24 (4): 760-769. Download

82. Uhl, Philipp, Bucher, Roman, Schäfer, Ralf B., Entling, 2015. Sublethal effects of imidacloprid on interactions in a tritrophic system of non-target species. Chemosphere. 132 152-158. Download

81. Schaumann, Gabriele Ellen, Bachmann, Jörg, Hallet, Paul D., Schäfer, Ralf B., Lichner, Lubomir, Gerke, Horst 2015. Preface to the special section Biohydrology - Water for life. Ecohydrology. 8 535-354. Download

80. Szöcs, Eduard, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2015. Ecotoxicology is not normal. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 22 (18): 10. Download

79. Bhowmik, A. K., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2015. Large Scale Relationship between Aquatic Insect Traits and Climate. PLOS One. 10 (6): e0130025. Download

78. Fernández, Diego, Voß, K., Bundschuh, Mirco, Zubrod, Jochen P., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2015. Effects of fungicides on decomposer communities and litter decomposition in vineyard streams. Science of the Total Environment. 533 40-48. Download

77. Bunzel, Katja, Schäfer, Ralf B., Thrän, Daniela, Kattwinkel, M. 2015. Pesticide runoff from energy crops: A threat to aquatic invertebrates?. Science of the Total Environment. 537 187 196. Download

76. Mbaka, John Gichimu, Szöcs, Eduard, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2015. Meta-analysis on the responses of traits of different taxonomic groups to global and local stressors. Acta Oecologica. 69 65-70. Download

75. Schulz, R., Bundschuh, M., Gergs, R., Brühl, C.A., Diehl, D., Entling, , Fahse, L., Frör, O., Jungkunst, H.F., Lorke, A., Schäfer, R. B., Schaumann, G.E., Schwenk, K. 2015. Review on environmental alterations propagating from aquatic to terrestrial ecosystems. Science of the Total Environment. 538 246-261. Download

74. Pfister, Sonja, Schäfer, R. B., Schirmel, J, Entling, 2015. Effects of hedgerows and riparian margins on aerial web-building spiders in cereal fields. Journal of Arachnology. 43 (3): 400-405. Download


73. Bunzel, Katja, Kattwinkel, M., Schauf, Monika, Thrän, Daniela 2014. Energy crops and pesticide contamination: Lessons learnt from the development of energy crop cultivation in Germany. Biomass and Bioenergy. 70 416--428. Download

72. Mbaka, John Gichimu, Somlai, Celia, Köpfer, Denis, Mäck, Andreas, Lorke, Andreas, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2014. Methane-Derived Carbon in the Benthic Food Web in Stream Impoundments. PLOS One. 9 (10): e111392. Download

71. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar, Costa, Ana Cristina 2014. Representativeness impacts on accuracy and precision of climate spatial interpolation in data-scarce regions. Meteorological Applications. Download

70. Kattwinkel, M., Liess, Matthias 2014. Competition matters: Species interactions prolong the log-term effcts of pulsed toxicant stress on populations. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 33 (7): 1458--1465. Download

69. Szöcs, Eduard, Coring, Eckhard, Bäthe, Jürgen, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2014. Effects of anthropogenic salinization on biological traits and community composition of stream macroinvertebrates. Science of the Total Environment. 468-469 (1): 943-949. Download

68. Canedo-Argüelles, Miguel, Bundschuh, Mirco, Gutiérrez-Cánovas, Cayetano, Kefford, Ben J., Prat, Narcis, Trobajo, Rosa, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2014. Effects of repeated salt pulses on ecosystem structure and functions in a stream mesocosm. Science of the Total Environment. 476477 (0): 634-642. Download

67. Smetanová, S., Bláha, L., Liess, Matthias, Schäfer, Ralf B., Beketov, M. A. 2014. Do predictions from Species Sensitivity Distributions match with field data?. Environmental Pollution. 189 (0): 126-133. Download

66. Mbaka, John Gichimu, Merimba, Charles Mwithali, Mathooko, Jude Mutuku 2014. Impacts of Benthic Coarse Particulate Organic Matter variations on Macroinvertebrate Density and Diversity in the Njoro River, A Kenyan Highland Stream. Journal of East African Natural History. 39-48. Download

65. Schäfer, Ralf B. 2014. In Response: Why we need landscape ecotoxicology and how it could be advancedAn academic perspective. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 33 (6): 1193-1194. Download

64. Malaj, Egina, von der Ohe, Peter C., Grote, Matthias, Kühne, Ralph, Mondy, Cédric P., Usseglio-Polatera, Philippe, Brack, Werner, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2014. Organic chemicals jeopardize the health of freshwater ecosystems on the continental scale. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111 (26): 9549-9554. Download

63. Stampfli, N. C., Knillmann, S., Noskov, Y. A., Schäfer, Ralf B., Liess, Matthias, Beketov, M. A. 2014. Environmental stressors can enhance the development of community tolerance to a toxicant. Ecotoxicology. 23 (9): 1690-1700. Download

62. Fernández, Diego, Barquín, José, Álvarez Cabria, Mario, Peñas, Francisco J. 2014. Land-use coverage as an indicator of riparian quality. Ecological Indicators. (41): 165-174. Download

61. Bunzel, Katja, Liess, Matthias, Kattwinkel, M. 2014. Landscape parameters driving aquatic pesticide exposure and effects. Environmental Pollution. 186 90--97. Download


60. Liess, Matthias, Foit, Kaarina, Becker, Anne, Hassold, Enken, Dolciotti, Ida, Kattwinkel, M., Duquesne, Sabine 2013. Culmination of low-dose pesticide effects. Environmental Science Technology. 47 (15): 8862--8868. Download

59. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar 2013. Industries’ Location as Jeopardy for Sustainable Urban Development in Asia: A Review of the Bangladesh Leather Processing Industry Relocation Plan. Environment and Urbanization Asia. 4 (1): 93-119. Download

58. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar 2013. Cyclone Sidr Impacts on the Sundarbans Floristic Diversity. Earth Science Research. 2 (2): 62-79. Download

57. Stampfli, N. C., Knillmann, S., Liess, Matthias, Noskov, Y. A., Schäfer, Ralf B., Beketov, M. A. 2013. Two stressors and a community Effects of hydrological disturbance and a toxicant on freshwater zooplankton. Aquatic Toxicology. 127 9-20. Download

56. Knäbel, Anja, Stehle, Sebastian, Schäfer, Ralf B., Schulz, Ralf 2013. Response to the comment on Regulatory FOCUS Surface Water Models Fail to Predict Insecticide Concentrations in the Field. Environmental Science Technology. 47 (2): 1179-1180. Download

55. Bunzel, Katja, Kattwinkel, M., Liess, Matthias 2013. Effects of organic pollutants from wastewater treatment plants on aquatic invertebrate communities. Water Research. 47 (2): 597-606. Download

54. Cañedo-Argüelles, Miguel, Kefford, Ben, Piscart, Christophe, Prat, Narcis, Schäfer, Ralf B., Schulz, Claus-Jürgen 2013. Salinisation of rivers: an urgent ecological issue. Environmental Pollution. 173 157-167. Download

53. Schäfer, Ralf B., Bundschuh, M., Focks, A., von der Ohe, P. C. 2013. Progress in ecotoxicology through data sharing. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 32 (4): 734-735. Download

52. Knäbel, Anja, Stehle, Sebastian, Schäfer, Ralf B., Schulz, Ralf 2013. Response to Comment on Regulatory FOCUS Surface Water Models Fail to Predict Insecticide Concentrations in the Field. Environmental Science Technology. 47 (6): 3017-3018. Download

51. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar 2013. Temporal Patterns of the Two-Dimensional Spatial Trends in Summer Temperature and Monsoon Precipitation of Bangladesh. ISRN Atmospheric Sciences. 2013 1-16. Download

50. Peters, Katharina, Bundschuh, M., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2013. Review on the effects of toxicants on freshwater ecosystem functions. Environmental Pollution. 180 324-329. Download

49. Beketov, M. A., Kefford, B. J., Schäfer, Ralf B., Liess, Matthias 2013. Pesticides reduce regional biodiversity of stream invertebrates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110 (27): 11039-11043. Download

48. Schäfer, Ralf B., Gerner, N., Kefford, B. J., Rasmussen, J. J., Beketov, M. A., de Zwart, D., Liess, Matthias, von der Ohe, P. C. 2013. How to characterize chemical exposure to predict ecologic effects on aquatic communities?. Environmental Science Technology. 47 (14): 7996-8004. Download

47. Chamberlain, Scott A., Szöcs, Eduard 2013. taxize: taxonomic search and retrieval in R [v2; ref status: indexed,]. F1000Research. 2 (191): Download

46. Lenhardt, Patrick P., Schäfer, Ralf B., Theissinger, K., Brühl, C. A. 2013. An expert-based landscape permeability model for assessing the impact of agricultural management on amphibian migration. Basic and Applied Ecology. 14 442-451. Download

45. Beketov, M. A., Cedergreen, N., Wick, L. Y., Kattwinkel, M., Duquesne, S., Liess, Matthias 2013. Sediment Toxicity Testing for Prospective Risk AssessmentA New Framework and How to Establish It. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal. 19 (1): 98--117. Download

44. Beketov, Mikhail A., Kattwinkel, M., Liess, Matthias 2013. Statistics matter: data aggregation improves identification of community-level effects compared to a commonly used multivariate method. Ecotoxicology. 22 (10): 1516--1525. Download


43. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar 2012. A Comparison of Bangladesh Climate Surfaces from the Geostatistical Point of View. ISRN Meteorology. 2012 (353408): 20. Download

42. Schäfer, Ralf B., Bundschuh, Mirco, Rouch, Duncan A., Szöcs, Eduard, von der Ohe, Peter C., Pettigrove, Vincent, Schulz, Ralf, Nugegoda, Dayanthi, Kefford, Ben J. 2012. Effects of pesticide toxicity, salinity and other environmental variables on selected ecosystem functions in streams and the relevance for ecosystem services. Science of the Total Environment. 415 (1): 69-78. Download

41. Kefford, Ben J., Schäfer, Ralf B., Metzeling, L. 2012. Risk assessment of salinity and turbidity in Victoria (Australia) to stream insects' community structure does not always protect functional traits. Science of the Total Environment. 415 (1): 61-68. Download

40. Schäfer, Ralf B. 2012. Biodiversity, Ecosystem functions and services in Environmental Risk Assessment: Introduction to the Special Issue. Science of the Total Environment. 415 (1): 1-2. Download

39. Schäfer, Ralf B., Ohe, Peter von der, Rasmussen, J. J., Kefford, John Ben, Beketov, Mikhail, Schulz, Ralf, Liess, Matthias 2012. Thresholds for the effects of pesticides on invertebrate communities and leaf breakdown in stream ecosystems. Environmental Science Technology. 46 (9): 5134-5142. Download

38. Malaj, Egina, Grote, Matthias, Schäfer, Ralf B., Brack, Werner, von der Ohe, Peter C. 2012. Physiological sensitivity of freshwater macroinvertebrates to heavy metals. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 31 (8): 1754-1764. Download

37. Knillmann, Saskia, Stampfli, Nathalie C., Noskov, Yury A., Beketov, Mikhail, Liess, Matthias 2012. Interspecific competition delays recovery of Daphnia spp. populations from pesticide stress. Ecotoxicology. 21 (4): 1039-1049. Download

36. Szöcs, Eduard, Kefford, B. J., Schäfer, Ralf B. 2012. Is there an interaction of the effects of salinity and pesticides on the community structure of macroinvertebrates?. Science of the Total Environment. 437 (1): 121-126. Download

35. Knäbel, Anja, Stehle, Sebastian, Schäfer, Ralf B., Schulz, Ralf 2012. Regulatory FOCUS Surface Water Models Fail to Predict Insecticide Concentrations in the Field. Environmental Science Technology. 46 (15): 8397-8404. Download

34. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar, Costa, Ana C. 2012. A Geostatistical Approach to the Seasonal Precipitation Effect on Boro Rice Production in Bangladesh. International Journal of Geosciences. 3 (3): 443-462. Download

33. Kefford, B. J., Liess, Matthias, Warne, M. St J., Metzeling, Leon, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2012. Risk assessment of episodic exposures to chemicals should consider both the physiological and the ecological sensitivities of species. Science of the Total Environment. 441 (1): 213-219. Download

32. Fernández, Diego, Barquín, José, Álvarez Cabria, Mario, Peñas, F. J. 2012. Quantifying the performance of automated GIS-based geomorphological approaches for riparian zone delineation using digital elevation models. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 16 (10): 3851-3862. Download

31. Lautenbach, Sven, Maes, Joachim, Kattwinkel, M., Seppelt, Ralf, Strauch, Michael, Scholz, Mathias, Schulz-Zunkel, Christiane, Volk, Martin, Weinert, Jens, Dormann, C. 2012. Mapping water quality-related ecosystem services: concepts and applications for nitrogen retention and pesticide risk reduction. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services Management. 8 Download


30. Kattwinkel, M., Biedermann, R., Kleyer, M. 2011. Temporary conservation for urban biodiversity. Biological Conservation. 144 (9): Download

29. Kattwinkel, M., Kuehne, J. V., Foit, K., Liess, Matthias 2011. Climate change, agricultural insecticide exposure, and risk for freshwater communities. Ecological Applications. 21 (6): 2068--2081. Download

28. Schäfer, Ralf B., von der Ohe, P., Kühne, R., Schüürmann, G., Liess, Matthias 2011. Occurrence of 331 organic pollutants in four rivers of North Germany between 1994 and 2004 and risk assessment for algae, invertebrates and fish. Environmental Science Technology. 45 (14): 6167-6174. Download

27. Schäfer, Ralf B., Cooke, Steven J., Arlinghaus, Robert, Bonada, Nuria, Brischoux, Francois, Casper, Andrew F., Catford, Jane A., Rolland, Virginie 2011. Perspectives from early career researchers on the publication process in ecology - a response to Statzner Resh (2010). Freshwater Biology. 56 (11): 2405-2412. Download

26. Schäfer, Ralf B., Kefford, Ben, Metzeling, Leon, Liess, Matthias, Burgert, Sinje, Marchant, Richard, Pettigrove, Vincent, Goonan, Peter, Nugegoda, Dayanthi 2011. A trait database of stream invertebrates for the ecological risk assessment of single and combined effects of salinity and pesticides in South-East Australia.. Science of the Total Environment. 409 (11): 2055-2063. Download

25. Burgert, S., Schäfer, Ralf B., Foit, K., Kattwinkel, M., Metzeling, L., McEwan, R., Kefford, B.J., Liess, Matthias 2011. Modelling Aquatic Exposure and Effects of Pesticides - Application to South-Eastern Australia. Science of the Total Environment. 409 (14): 2807-2814. Download

24. Schäfer, Ralf B., Pettigrove, V., Rose, G., Allinson, G., Wightwick, A., von der Ohe, Peter C., Shimeta, J., Kühne, R., Kefford, Ben J. 2011. Effects of pesticides monitored with three sampling methods in 24 sites on macroinvertebrates and microorganisms. Environmental Science Technology. 45 (4): 1665-1672. Download

23. Stehle, Sebastian, Elsaesser, David, Gregoire, Caroline, Imfeld, Gwenael, Passeport, Elodie, Payraudeau, Sylvain, Schäfer, Ralf B., Tournebize, Julien, Schulz, Ralf 2011. Pesticide Risk Mitigation by Vegetated Treatment Systems: A Meta-analysis. Journal of Environmental Quality. 40 (4): 1068-1080. Download

22. Schreiber, Rene, Kuester, Anette, Feiler, Ute, Grote, Matthias, Altenburger, Rolf 2011. A non-invasive observation parameter to complement sediment bioassays using Myriophyllum aquaticum. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 11 (8): 1419-1431. Download

21. Kefford, B. J., Marchant, Richard, Schäfer, Ralf B., Metzeling, Leon, Dunlop, J.E., Choy, S.C., Goonan, Peter 2011. The definition of species richness used by species sensitivity distributions approximates observed effects of salinity on stream mecroinvertebrates. Environmental Pollution. 159 (1): 302-310. Download

20. Schreiber, Rene, Guendel, Ulrike, Franz, Stephanie, Kuester, Anette, Rechenberg, Bettina, Altenburger, Rolf 2011. Using the fish plasma model for comparative hazard identification for pharmaceuticals in the environment by extrapolation from human therapeutic data. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology. 61 (3): 261-275. Download

19. Stampfli, Nathalie C., Knillmann, Saskia, Liess, Matthias, Beketov, Mikhail 2011. Environmental context determines community sensitivity of freshwater zooplankton to a pesticide. Aquatic Toxicology. 104 (1-2): 116-124. Download

18. Fernández, Diego, Barquín, José, Raven, Paul J. 2011. A review of river habitat characterisation methods: indices vs. characterisation protocols. Limnetica. 30 (2): 217-234. Download

17. Barquín, José, Fernández, Diego, Álvarez Cabria, Mario, Peñas, Francisco J. 2011. Riparian quality and habitat heterogeneity assessment in Cantabrian rivers. Limnetica. 30 (2): 329-346. Download

16. Cortes, Rui, Varandas, Simone, Teixeira, Amílcar, Hughes, Samantha J., Magalhâes, Marco, Barquín, José, Alvarez-Cabria, Mario, Fernández, Diego 2011. Effects of landscape metrics and land-use variables on macroinvertebrate communities and habitat characteristics. Limnetica. 30 (2): 347-362. Download

15. Naura, Marc, Sear, David, Álvarez Cabria, Mario, Peñas, Francisco J., Fernández, Diego, Barquín, José 2011. Integrating monitoring, expert knowledge and habitat management within conservation organisations for the delivery of the water framework directive: A proposed approach. Limnetica. 30 (2): 427-446. Download

14. Krell, Bonny, Moreira-Santos, M., Ribeiro, Rui 2011. An estuarine mudsnail in situ toxicity assay based on postexposure feeding.. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 30 (8): 1935-1942. Download


13. Schäfer, Ralf B., Hearn, L., Kefford, B. J., Nugegoda, D., Mueller, J. F. 2010. Using silicone passive samplers to detect polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from wildfires in streams and potential acute effects for invertebrate communities. Water Research. 44 (15): 4590-4600. Download

12. Kefford, B.J., Schäfer, Ralf B., Liess, Matthias, Goonan, P., Metzeling, L., Nugegoda, D. 2010. A similarity-index based method to estimate chemical concentration limits protective for ecological communities. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 29 (9): 2123-2131. Download


11. Beketov, M. A., Foit, K., Schäfer, Ralf B., Schriever, C. A., Sacchi, A., Capri, E., Biggs, J., Wells, C., Liess, Matthias 2009. SPEAR indicates pesticide effects in streams - Comparative use of species- and family-level biomonitoring data. Environmental Pollution. 157 (6): 1841-1848. Download

10. Kattwinkel, M., Strauss, B., Biedermann, R., Kleyer, M. 2009. Modelling multi-species response to landscape dynamics: mosaic cycles support urban biodiversity. Landscape Ecology. 24 (7): 929--941. Download


9. Schäfer, Ralf B., Paschke, A., Vrana, B., Mueller, R., Liess, Matthias 2008. Performance of the Chemcatcher passive sampler when used to monitor 10 polar and semi-polar pesticides in 16 Central European streams, and comparison with two other sampling methods. Water Research. 42 (10-11): 2707-2717. Download

8. Schäfer, Ralf B., Mueller, R., Brack, W., Wenzel, K.-D., Streck, G., Ruck, W., Liess, Matthias 2008. Determination of 10 particle-associated multiclass polar and semi-polar pesticides from small streams using accelerated solvent extraction. Chemosphere. 70 (11): 1952-1960. Download

7. Schäfer, Ralf B., Paschke, A., Liess, Matthias 2008. Aquatic passive sampling of a short-term thiacloprid pulse with the Chemcatcher: Impact of biofouling and use of a diffusion-limiting membrane on the sampling rate. Journal of Chromatography A. 1203 (1): 1-6. Download

6. Liess, Matthias, Schäfer, Ralf B., Schriever, C.A. 2008. The footprint of pesticide stress in communities - species traits reveal community effects of toxicants. Science of the Total Environment. 406 (3): 484-490. Download

5. Gunold, R., Schäfer, Ralf B., Paschke, A., Schüürmann, G., Liess, Matthias 2008. Calibration of the Chemcatcher passive sampler for monitoring selected polar and semi-polar pesticides in surface water. Environmental Pollution. 1555 (1): 52-60. Download

4. Beketov, M., Schäfer, Ralf B., Marwitz, A., Paschke, A., Liess, Matthias 2008. Long-term stream invertebrate community alterations induced by the insecticide thiacloprid: Effect concentrations and recovery dynamics. Science of the Total Environment. 405 (1-3): 96-108. Download


3. Schäfer, Ralf B., Caquet, T., Siimes, K., Mueller, R., Lagadic, L., Liess, Matthias 2007. Effects of pesticides on community structure and ecosystem functions in agricultural streams of three biogeographical regions in Europe. Science of the Total Environment. 382 (2-3): 272-285. Download

2. von der Ohe, P.C., Prüß, A., Schäfer, Ralf B., Liess, Matthias, Deckere, E. de, Brack, W. 2007. Water quality indices across Europe - a comparison of the good ecological status of five river basins. Journal of Environmental Monitoring. 9 (9): 970-978. Download


1. Schäfer, Ralf B., Palm, W.-U., Steffen, D., Ruck, W. 2004. Pflanzenbehandlungs- und Schädlingsbekämpfungsmittel in niedersächsischen Fließgewässern von 1994 bis 2001. Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung. 48 (3): 117-125.

Books, Chapters, Proceedings and Reports


27. Cañedo-Argüelles, Miguel, Kefford, Ben, Schäfer, Ralf B. 2019. Salt in freshwaters: causes, effects and prospects - introduction to the theme issue. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 374 (1764): Download


26. Schäfer, Ralf B., Bundschuh, Mirco 2018. Riverine Ecosystem Management: Science for Governing Towards a Sustainable Future. Schmutz, Stefan; Sendzimir, JanEditors Springer International Publishing. 225-239. Download


25. Brinke, Marvin, Szöcs, Eduard, Foit, Kaarina, Liess, Matthias, Schäfer, R. B., Bänsch-Baltruschat, Beate, Keller, Martin 2016. Umsetzung des Nationalen Aktionsplans zur nachhaltigen Anwendung von Pestiziden Bestandsaufnahme zur Erhebung von Daten zur Belastung von Kleingewässern der Agrarlandschaft. Umweltbundesamt. Download


24. Schäfer, Ralf B. 2015. Gewässerschutz - Wasser - Abwasser. Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Siedlungswasserwirtschaft. 236 1-14.


23. Bhowmik, A. K., Costa, A. C. 2014. Data Scarcity or low Representativeness?: What hinders accuracy and precision of spatial interpolation of climate data?. Huerta , J. G.; Schade, S.; Granell, C. C. Connecting a Digital Europe through Location and Place. Castellón, Spain: Download

22. Bhowmik, A. K., Metz, M. , Schäfer, Ralf B. 2014. Reproducible, Automated and Objective Stream Threshold Selection and Upstream Riparian Corridor Delineation from Digital Elevation Models. Computing for Geospatial Research and Application (COM.Geo). Washington, DC, USA: IEEE . 43-46.


21. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar, Cabral, Pedro 2013. Space-Time Variability of Summer Temperature Field over Bangladesh during 1948-2007. Murgante, Beniamino; Misra , Sanjay ; Carlini , Maurizio ; Torre, Carmelo M. ; Nguyen , Hong-Quang ; Taniar, David ; Apduhan, Bernady O.; Gervasi , Osvaldo Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. 7974 (0302-9743): 120-135. Download

20. Schäfer, Ralf B. 2013. Effects of toxicants on freshwater ecosystems. Landau: University Koblenz-Landau. Habilitation thesis Download

19. von der Ohe, Peter C., Apitz, Sabine E., Beketov, Mikhail A., Borchardt, Dietrich, Zwart, Dick, Goedkoop, Willem, Hein, Michaela, Hellsten, Seppo, Hering, Daniel, Kefford, Ben J., Panov, Vadim E., Schäfer, Ralf B., Segner, Helmut, Gils, Jos, Vegter, Joop J., Wetzel, Markus A., Brack, Werner, Arbaciauskas, Kastutis 2013. Status and Causal Pathway Assessments Supporting River Basin Management. Brils, Jos; Brack, Werner; Müller-Grabherr, Dietmar; Négrel, Philippe; Vermaat, Jan E. Risk-Informed Management of European River Basins. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 29 53-149. Download

18. von der Ohe, Peter C., Zwart, Dick, Semenzin, Elena, Apitz, Sabine E., Gottardo, Stefania, Harris, Bob, Hein, Michaela, Marcomini, Antonio, Posthuma, Leo, Schäfer, Ralf B., Segner, Helmut, Brack, Werner 2013. Monitoring Programmes, Multiple Stress Analysis and Decision Support for River Basin Management. Brils, Jos; Brack, Werner; Müller-Grabherr, Dietmar; Négrel, Philippe; Vermaat, Jan E. Risk-Informed Management of European River Basins. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 29 151-182. Download

17. Schäfer, Ralf B., Liess, Matthias 2013. Species at Risk (SPEAR) Biomonitoring Indicators. Férard, J.; Blaise, C. Encyclopedia of Aquatic Ecotoxicology. Heidelberg: Springer. 1063-1073. Download


16. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar 2012. Environmental Sustainability vs. Political Decision: A Review of the Bangladesh Leather Processing Industry Relocation Plan. Rosen, Marc A. The 2nd World Sustainability Forum. Basel, Switzerland: MDPI. Download

15. Barquín, José, Ondiviela, Bárbara, Recio, Maria, Álvarez Cabria, Mario, Peñas, Francisco J., Fernández, Diego, Gómez, Andrés, Álvarez, César, Juanes, Jose A. 2012. Assessing the conservation status of alder-ash alluvial forest and Atlantic salmon in the Natura 2000 river network of Cantabria, Northern Spain. Boon, P.J.; Raven, P.J River conservation and management: 20 years on. Wiley-Blackwell. Download

14. Brühl, Carsten A., Schäfer, Ralf B., Mittmann, Fabienne, Stahlschmidt, Peter, Bruns, Eric, Candolfi, Marco, Egeler, Philipp, Hollert, Henner, Kaiser, Dominic, Mohr, Silvia, Ratte, Toni, Schaumann, Gabriele Ellen, Schlechtriem, Christian, Stock, Frauke, Scheebaum, Marco Vervliet, Ohe, Peter C von der, Weltje, Lennart, Werner, Inge 2012. 16th SETAC GLB (Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry German Language Branch) annual meeting held under the main theme EcoTOXICOlogy and Environmental CHEMISTRY: crossing borders from 18th to 20th September 2011 at Landau. Environmental Sciences Europe. 24 39. Download


13. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar, Cabral, P. 2011. Damage and Post-cyclone Regeneration Assessment of the Sundarbans Botanic Biodiversity caused by the Cyclone Sidr. Rosen, Marc A.; Grimmer, Sascha 1st World Sustainability Forum. Basel, Switzerland: Download

12. Schäfer, Ralf B., van den Brink, P. J., Liess, Matthias 2011. Impacts of pesticides on freshwater ecosystems. Sanchez-Bayo, F.; van den Brink, P. J.; Mann, R. M. Ecological impacts of toxic chemicals. Bussum, NL: Bentham. 139-174. Download

11. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar, Cabral, Pedro 2011. Statistical Evaluation of Spatial Interpolation Methods for Small-Sampled Region: A Case Study of Temperature Change Phenomenon in Bangladesh. Mugante, B.; Gervasi, O.; Iglesias, A.; Taniar, D.; Apduhan, Bernady O. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE AND ITS APPLICATIONS - ICCSA 2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer. 6782/2011 44-59. Download


10. Liess, Matthias, Kattwinkel, M., Kaske, Oliver, Beketov, Mikhail A., Steinicke, Henning, Scholz, Mathias, Henle, Klaus 2010. Considering protected aquatic non-target species in the environmental risk assessment of plant protection products. Leipzig: UBA Report.


9. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar, Islam, Samiul M. 2009. Environmental concerns regarding Hazaribagh tannery area and present relocation scenario. Hafiz, R. Nagar Shoilee. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology . 4 33-41.


8. Schäfer, Ralf B. 2008. Ecological risk assessment for pesticides in streams using field studies in Central and North Europe. Leuphana University Lüneburg. PhD. Download

7. Beketov, M. A., Foit, K., Biggs, J. P., Sacchi, A., Schäfer, Ralf B., Schriever, C. A., Liess, Matthias 2008. Freshwater biological indicators of pesticide contamination an adaptation of the SPEAR approach for the UK - Science Report SC030189/SR4. Environment Agency. Download

6. Schäfer, Ralf B., Creutzig, Felix 2008. Klimaschutz durch globale Steuern oder Emissionshandel?. Altvater, Elmar; Brunnengräber, Achim Ablasshandel gegen Klimawandel: Marktbasierte Instrumente in der globalen Klimapolitik und ihre Alternativen. Berlin: VSA. 106-119.

5. Bhowmik, Avit Kumar 2008. Buriganga pollution: reasons prospects. Murtoza, M. G. Environment and Urban development: share your ideas and experiences. Khulna, Bangladesh: 15-26.

4. Kattwinkel, M., Draeger, Susan, Schadek, Ute, Strauss, Barbara 2008. Management und Modellierung der Biodiversitaet urbaner Brachen. Naturschutz und Biologische Vielfalt. 60 55--60. Download


3. Schäfer, Ralf B., Liess, Matthias 2005. Langzeitwirkungen von Pflanzenschutzmitteln im Freiland. BLf, Wasserwirtschaft Münchner Beiträge zur Abwasser-, Fischerei und Flussbiologie. München: Oldenbourg. 57 217-243.


2. Schäfer, Ralf B. 2003. Pestizide in niedersächsischen Fließgewässern. Niedersächsisches Landesamt für Ökologie. (19):

1. Schäffer, A., Filser, J., Frische, Tobias, Gessner, M.O., Köck, W., Liess, Matthias, Nuppenau, E.-A., Ross-Nickoll, M., Schäfer, R. B., Scheringer, M.